BaroqueArt Descriptors Ontology

An ontology to formalize the way to describe an artwork.

Working Draft - 25 February 2011

This version:
http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/spec/20110225/
Latest version:
http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/spec/
Last Update:
Date: 25 February 2011
Editors:
Javier de la Rosa <jrosa@uwo.ca> (CulturePlex)
Contributors:
Fernando Sancho <fsancho@us.es> (Universidad de Sevilla)
Juan Luis Suárez <jsuarez@uwo.ca> (CulturePlex)
Acknowledgements:
See acknowledgements

Abstract

This specification defines the ontology to describe the Hispanic Baroque artworks. The ontology is available in RDF/XML format at:

http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf

It is designed to be used together with Dublin Core ontology [Dublin Core] to enrich the
dc:Subject
metadata element.


Status of this Document

This is a work in progress! This document is changing on a monthly if not weekly basis. Comments are very welcome, please send them to the authors. Thank you.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. BaroqueArt Descriptors ontology at a glance
  3. BaroqueArt Descriptors ontology overview
    1. Virtuality
      1. Ideality
        1. Intentional human state
        2. Interpretable thing
      2. Physicality
        1. Perceptible thing
          1. With human participation
          2. Without human participation
    2. Example
  4. Cross-reference for BaroqueArt Descriptors classes and properties
  5. Further work

Appendices

  1. References
  2. Changes in this version (Non-Normative)
  3. Acknowledgements (Non-Normative)

1 Introduction

This ontology sets that any artwork is by itself a virtuality, that is, there is an option to be confined in some way and rendered, understood the latter as a capacity of being expressed. In addition, any artwork is composed of an ideality and a physicality, taking into account the properties of its conception, intention and expression as well as space and materials that compose it.

2. BaroqueArt Descriptors ontology at a glance

An alphabetical index of BaroqueArt Descriptors terms, by class (concepts) and by property (relationships, attributes), are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Classes: AbstractEntity, Activity, Age, Altarpiece, Animal, Arch, Architecture, Attentionality, Belief, BenedetoCroce, Benoist, Biptych, BodyPart, Burckhardt, Canvas, Celebration, ChristineBuci-Glucksmann, ConcreteEntity, Confineable, Crucifix, Deity, Deleuze, Description, Diptych, Drawing, Dvorak, EngravingFold, Ethnic, EugenioD'Ors, Fiesta, Figurative, Flag, Focillon, Focus, Fold, FoldingScreen, Frame, FrescoFold, Furniture, Gender, Genre, Goldsmithing, Guattari, HeavenlyBody, HeinrichWolfflin, HelmutHatzfeld, Hero, HumanBeing, HumanIntentionalState, Ideality, InitialConnection, InterpretableThing, Jewelry, Lacan, Maravall, Material, Meaning, Medal, Medallion, Merleau-Ponty, Metaphor, Monad, Moret, MythologicalBeing, Nail, NotFigurative, Object, Occupation, OmarCalabrese, Painting, PerceptibleThing, Photography, Physicality, PictureCard, PierreCharpentrat, Pigment, Plant, Plate, Preclin, ReliefFold, Renderizable, Representation, Resonance, Ritual, Rousset, Screen, SculptureMonad, SeveroSarduy, Sheet, Silversmithing, Sketch, Statue, Symbology, Tapie, Technique, Text, Theory, Tool, Triptych, Virtuality, WalterBenjamin, WernerWeisbach, WithHumanParticipation, WithoutHumanParticipation,

Properties: belongsToEthnic, consistsOf, fromBody, hasBelief, hasFold, hasMonad, hasOccupation, hasTheory, isClassifiedUnder, isExpressed, isGender, isMeasurable, isNotMeasurable, isOld, usesTechnique, usesTool,

Instances: Afro, AgglomerateBoard, Alabaster, Allegorical, Aluminium, Angelic, Architectural, Artist, Baked, BasRelief, Black, BornFemale, BornMale, Brocade, Bronze, Brush, Cane, Cardboard, Carved, Castes, CastesEthnic, Casting, Ceramics, Charcoal, China, Chipboard, Chisel, Chiseling, CityLife, Civil, Cleric, Copper, Corn, Cotton, Crayon, Crockery, Crystal, Cut, Cutting, Draw, Earthenware, Embossed, Embroidery, Enamel, Engraving, Etching, Farmer, Feather, Fiber, Fiberboard, Fiction, Foot, Fresco, GenderIndeterminate, GenderNotRevealed, GenderUnknown, Gipsy, Glass, Glaze, Glued, Gold, GoldColored, Gouache, Gouge, Graver, Grisalle, Gum, Hammer, Hand, Head, Heart, Hemp, Historical, Illuminate, Indigenous, Ink, Inlaid, Ivory, Jester, Landscape, Leather, Limbs, Linen, Maguey, Maize, Map, Marble, Mestizo, Metal, Military, Molding, Molten, Monarch, MotherOfPearl, Mould, Mulatto, Mural, Mythological, Nacre, Nature, Nobel, Notch, NotReligious, Nude, Officer, Paintbrush, Papel, Paper, Parchment, Pencil, Plan, Plank, Plaster, Polychrome, Porphyry, Portrait, Pottery, Printed, Quilt, Reed, Relief, Religion, Religious, RitualGenre, Saints, Sanguine, Satin, Sculpture, Shell, Shepherd, Silk, Silver, Skin, Sponge, SpongeCake, Steel, StillLife, Stone, Tempera, Tinplate, Tooled, Torso, Tortoiseshell, Trinity, Vanitas, Vellum, Watercolor, WateredDown, White, WhiteLead, WhiteWateredDown, Wineskin, Wood, Zinc,

3. BaroqueArt Descriptors ontology overview

Here there is a brief resume of the main elements of the ontology.
Ontoloy overview

3.1. Virtuality

Main entity that includes both a conception of the work as a tinge of ideality and the physical component of it.

3.1.1. Ideality

Abstract artifact that exist only mind internally.

3.1.1.1. Human Intentional State

Abstract artifacts that exist only in the mind, which are internal or are subject to it in its existence. They have no restraint.

The human intentional state can be expressed by an activity through the several available techniques and tools.

This state entails, in addition, an attentionality as defined by Tomasello (202): “This adaptation consists in the ability and tendency of individuals to identify with conspecifics in ways that enable them to understand those conspecifics as intentional agents like the self, possessing their own intentions and attention, and eventually to understand them as mental agents like the self, possessing their own desires and beliefs”. 

3.1.1.2. Interpretable Thing

Entities subject to human interpretation. The interpretation is made supported on a theory from a domain expert, which is based on a set of beliefs. According to the applied theory, a meaning for the artwork is given. The entity on which the ideality is presented to the consciousness is the representation, compund of:
  • Description. Description of reality, fiction and possible, through the figurative component of the work based on concrete and abstract entities it contains.
  • Metaphor. Relationship between the meaning of an object indistinguishable from the rest in the work with another entity, idea, concept, person or place.
  • Symbology. Analogies for the description referring to other aspects of reality and fiction that are used regularly, metaphorically or not.

3.1.2. Physicality

Entities wich exist mind-independent.

3.1.2.1. Perceptible thing

Perceptible through the human senses.
3.1.2.1.1. With human participation
Entities which implies human participation like celebrations, rituals or fiestas. This kind of entities doesn't exist in any way with audience or participants.
3.1.2.1.2. Without human participation
Entities which exist even when there's no human participation and don't need it to exist. Based on the concept of Monad from Leibniz, a Monad folds with its own and is indistinguishable from the rest of them. The Monad, made of some material, is the smallest part of an artwork. The folds like altarpiece or crucifix are compund by one or more monads or other folds.

3.2. Example

Here is a very basic document describing the artwork identified by the URL http://artworks.foo/bar by an author with GUID 123456789:

   <rdf:Description rdf:href="http://artworks.foo/bar">
<dc:Creator rdf:href="urn:guid:123456789"/>
<dc:Title>The title of the artwork</dc:Title>
<dc:Subject>
<baroqueart:Ideality>
<baroqueart:Activity>
<baroqueart:Technique>Fresco</baroqueart:Technique>
<baroqueart:Tool>Brush</baroqueart:Tool>
</baroqueart:Activity>
<baroqueart:InterpretableThing baroqueart:Theory="Maravall">
<baroqueart:Representation>
<baroqueart:Description>
<baroqueart:AbstractEntity baroqueart:Genre="Trinity"/>
<baroqueart:ConcreteEntity baroqueart:Animal="Pidgeon"/>
<baroqueart:ConcreteEntity baroqueart:HumanBeing>
<baroqueart:Age>Middle age</baroqueart:Age>
<baroqueart:Occupation>Cleric<baroqueart:Occupation>
</baroqueart:ConcreteEntity>
</baroqueart:Descriptrion>
<baroqueart:Representation>
</baroqueart:InterpretableThing>
</baroqueart:Ideality>
<baroqueart:Physicality>
<baroqueart:WithoutHumanParticipation baroqueart:Fold="Painting">
<baroqueart:Monad baroqueart:Material="Line">Canvas</baroqueart:Monad>
<baroqueart:Monad baroqueart:Material="Wood">Frame</baroqueart:Monad>
</baroqueart:WithoutHumanParticipation>
</baroqueart:Physicality>
</dc:Subject>
</rdf:Description>

4. Cross-reference for BaroqueArt Descriptors classes and properties

Class: baroqueart:AbstractEntity

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#AbstractEntity

Abstract entity -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Description

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Class: baroqueart:ConcreteEntity

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#ConcreteEntity

Concrete entity -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Description

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:Confineable

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#Confineable

Confineable thing -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Virtuality

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:Figurative

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#Figurative

Figurative -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Meaning

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:HeavenlyBody

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#HeavenlyBody

Cuerpo celeste -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:ConcreteEntity

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:HumanIntentionalState

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#HumanIntentionalState

Estado intencional humano -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Ideality

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Class: baroqueart:InitialConnection

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#InitialConnection

Conexión inicial -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Attentionality

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:MythologicalBeing

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#MythologicalBeing

Mythological being -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:ConcreteEntity

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:NotFigurative

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#NotFigurative

No figurativo -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Meaning

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:PerceptibleThing

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#PerceptibleThing

Cosa perceptible -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Physicality

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Class: baroqueart:Physicality

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#Physicality

Fisicalidad -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Virtuality

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:Renderizable

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#Renderizable

Renderizable -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Virtuality

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:Representation

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#Representation

Representación -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:InterpretableThing

[back to top]

Class: baroqueart:SculptureMonad

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#SculptureMonad

Escultura -

sub-class-of:
baroqueart:Monad

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:belongsToEthnic

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#belongsToEthnic

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:consistsOf

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#consistsOf

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:fromBody

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#fromBody

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:hasBelief

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#hasBelief

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:hasFold

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#hasFold

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:hasMonad

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#hasMonad

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:hasOccupation

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#hasOccupation

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:hasTheory

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#hasTheory

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
owl:topObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:isClassifiedUnder

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#isClassifiedUnder

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:isExpressed

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#isExpressed

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:isGender

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#isGender

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:isMeasurable

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#isMeasurable

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:isNotMeasurable

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#isNotMeasurable

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:isOld

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#isOld

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:usesTechnique

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#usesTechnique

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty
sub-property-of:
owl:topObjectProperty

[back to top]

Property: baroqueart:usesTool

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#usesTool

-

OWL Type:
ObjectProperty

[back to top]

Instance: baroqueart:NotReligious

URI: http://ontologies.cultureplex.ca/baroqueart/baroqueart.rdf#NotReligious

Creencia no religiosa -

RDF Type:
owl:NamedIndividual
baroqueart:Belief

[back to top]

4 Further work

A References

Dublin Core
Dublin Core Metadata Initiaive Element Set. The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, October 2010.
IETF RFC 2119
RFC 2119: Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels. Internet Engineering Task Force, 1997 (see http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt).

B Changes in this version (Non-Normative)

C Acknowledgements (Non-Normative)

This document was produced with the participation of the several CulturePlex members (by alphabetic order):